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# 8.1.1. Restart a simulation¶

There are 3 ways to continue a long LAMMPS simulation. Multiple run commands can be used in the same input script. Each run will continue from where the previous run left off. Or binary restart files can be saved to disk using the restart command. At a later time, these binary files can be read via a read_restart command in a new script. Or they can be converted to text data files using the -r command-line switch and read by a read_data command in a new script.

Here we give examples of 2 scripts that read either a binary restart file or a converted data file and then issue a new run command to continue where the previous run left off. They illustrate what settings must be made in the new script. Details are discussed in the documentation for the read_restart and read_data commands.

Look at the in.chain input script provided in the bench directory of the LAMMPS distribution to see the original script that these 2 scripts are based on. If that script had the line

restart         50 tmp.restart


added to it, it would produce 2 binary restart files (tmp.restart.50 and tmp.restart.100) as it ran.

This script could be used to read the first restart file and re-run the last 50 timesteps:

read_restart    tmp.restart.50

neighbor        0.4 bin
neigh_modify    every 1 delay 1

fix             1 all nve
fix             2 all langevin 1.0 1.0 10.0 904297

timestep        0.012

run             50


Note that the following commands do not need to be repeated because their settings are included in the restart file: units, atom_style, special_bonds, pair_style, bond_style. However these commands do need to be used, since their settings are not in the restart file: neighbor, fix, timestep.

If you actually use this script to perform a restarted run, you will notice that the thermodynamic data match at step 50 (if you also put a “thermo 50” command in the original script), but do not match at step 100. This is because the fix langevin command uses random numbers in a way that does not allow for perfect restarts.

As an alternate approach, the restart file could be converted to a data file as follows:

lmp_g++ -r tmp.restart.50 tmp.restart.data


Then, this script could be used to re-run the last 50 steps:

units           lj
atom_style      bond
pair_style      lj/cut 1.12
pair_modify     shift yes
bond_style      fene
special_bonds   0.0 1.0 1.0

neighbor        0.4 bin
neigh_modify    every 1 delay 1

fix             1 all nve
fix             2 all langevin 1.0 1.0 10.0 904297

timestep        0.012

reset_timestep  50
run             50


Note that nearly all the settings specified in the original in.chain script must be repeated, except the pair_coeff and bond_coeff commands since the new data file lists the force field coefficients. Also, the reset_timestep command is used to tell LAMMPS the current timestep. This value is stored in restart files, but not in data files.