4.5. C++ base classes
LAMMPS is designed to be used as a C++ class library where one can set up and drive a simulation through creating a class instance and then calling some abstract operations or commands on that class or its member class instances. These are interfaced to the C library API, which providing an additional level of abstraction simplification for common operations. The C API is also the basis for calling LAMMPS from Python or Fortran.
When used from a C++ program, most of the symbols and functions in
LAMMPS are wrapped into the
LAMMPS_NS namespace so they will not
collide with your own classes or other libraries. This, however, does
not extend to the additional libraries bundled with LAMMPS in the lib
folder and some of the low-level code of some packages.
Behind the scenes this is implemented through inheritance and polymorphism where base classes define the abstract interface and derived classes provide the specialized implementation for specific models or optimizations or ports to accelerator platforms. This document will provide an outline of the fundamental class hierarchy and some selected examples for derived classes of specific models.
Please see the note about thread-safety in the library Howto doc page.