2.3.8. Compute, fixes, variables¶
This section documents accessing or modifying data from objects like
computes, fixes, or variables in LAMMPS using the
lammps.extract_fix(), the global, per-atom,
or local data calculated by the compute or fix can be accessed. What is returned
depends on whether the compute or fix calculates a scalar or vector or array.
For a scalar, a single double value is returned. If the compute or fix calculates
a vector or array, a pointer to the internal LAMMPS data is returned, which you can
use via normal Python subscripting.
The one exception is that for a fix that calculates a global vector or array, a single double value from the vector or array is returned, indexed by I (vector) or I and J (array). I,J are zero-based indices. See the Howto output page for a discussion of global, per-atom, and local data, and of scalar, vector, and array data types. See the doc pages for individual computes and fixes for a description of what they calculate and store.
For equal-style variables a single
c_double value is returned and the
group argument is ignored. For atom-style variables, a vector of
c_double is returned, one value per atom, which you can use via normal
Python subscripting. The values will be zero for atoms not in the
lammps.set_variable() method sets an
existing string-style variable to a new string value, so that subsequent LAMMPS
commands can access the variable.
lammps.extract_compute(): extract value(s) from a compute
lammps.extract_fix(): extract value(s) from a fix
lammps.extract_variable(): extract value(s) from a variable
lammps.set_variable(): set existing named string-style variable to value
PyLammps and IPyLammps classes currently do not add any additional ways of retrieving information out of computes and fixes. This information can still be accessed by using the lammps API:
L.lmp.extract_compute(...) L.lmp.extract_fix(...) # OR L.lmp.numpy.extract_compute(...) L.lmp.numpy.extract_fix(...)
LAMMPS variables can be both defined and accessed via the
To define a variable you can use the variable command:
L.variable("a index 2")
A dictionary of all variables is returned by the
you can access an individual variable by retrieving a variable object from the
L.variables dictionary by name
a = L.variables['a']
The variable value can then be easily read and written by accessing the value property of this object.
print(a.value) a.value = 4