print string keyword value
string = text string to print, which may contain variables
zero or more keyword/value pairs may be appended
keyword = file or append or screen or universe
file value = filename append value = filename screen value = yes or no universe value = yes or no
print "Done with equilibration" file info.dat print Vol=$v append info.dat screen no print "The system volume is now $v" print 'The system volume is now $v' print "NEB calculation 1 complete" screen no universe yes print """ System volume = $v System temperature = $t """
Print a text string to the screen and logfile. The text string must be a single argument, so if it is one line but more than one word, it should be enclosed in single or double quotes. To generate multiple lines of output, the string can be enclosed in triple quotes, as in the last example above. If the text string contains variables, they will be evaluated and their current values printed.
New in version 15Jun2023: support for vector style variables
See the variable command for a description of equal and vector style variables which are typically the most useful ones to use with the print command. Equal- and vector-style variables can calculate formulas involving mathematical operations, atom properties, group properties, thermodynamic properties, global values calculated by a compute or fix, or references to other variables. Vector-style variables are printed in a bracketed, comma-separated format, e.g. [1,2,3,4] or [12.5,2,4.6,10.1].
As discussed on the Commands parse doc page, the text string can use “immediate” variables, specified as $(formula) with parenthesis, where the numeric formula has the same syntax as equal-style variables described on the variable doc page. This is a convenient way to evaluate a formula immediately without using the variable command to define a named variable and then use that variable in the text string. The formula can include a trailing colon and format string which determines the precision with which the numeric value is output. This is also explained on the Commands parse doc page.
If you want the print command to be executed multiple times (with changing variable values), there are 3 options. First, consider using the fix print command, which will print a string periodically during a simulation. Second, the print command can be used as an argument to the every option of the run command. Third, the print command could appear in a section of the input script that is looped over (see the jump and next commands).
If the file or append keyword is used, a filename is specified to which the output will be written. If file is used, then the filename is overwritten if it already exists. If append is used, then the filename is appended to if it already exists, or created if it does not exist.
If the screen keyword is used, output to the screen and logfile can be turned on or off as desired.
If the universe keyword is used, output to the global screen and logfile can be turned on or off as desired. In multi-partition calculations, the screen option and the corresponding output only apply to the screen and logfile of the individual partition.
The option defaults are no file output, screen = yes, and universe = no.