compute ptm/atom command¶
compute ID group-ID ptm/atom structures threshold group2-ID
ID, group-ID are documented in compute command
ptm/atom = style name of this compute command
structures = default or all or any hyphen-separated combination of fcc, hcp, bcc, ico, sc, dcub, dhex, or graphene = structure types to search for
threshold = lattice distortion threshold (RMSD)
group2-ID determines which group is used for neighbor selection (optional, default “all”)
compute 1 all ptm/atom default 0.1 all compute 1 all ptm/atom fcc-hcp-dcub-dhex 0.15 all compute 1 all ptm/atom all 0
Define a computation that determines the local lattice structure around an atom using the PTM (Polyhedral Template Matching) method. The PTM method is described in (Larsen).
Currently, there are seven lattice structures PTM recognizes:
fcc = 1
hcp = 2
bcc = 3
ico (icosahedral) = 4
sc (simple cubic) = 5
dcub (diamond cubic) = 6
dhex (diamond hexagonal) = 7
graphene = 8
The value of the PTM structure will be 0 for unknown types and \(-1\) for atoms not in the specified compute group. The choice of structures to search for can be specified using the “structures” argument, which is a hyphen-separated list of structure keywords. Two convenient pre-set options are provided:
The ‘default’ setting detects the same structures as the Common Neighbor Analysis method. The ‘all’ setting searches for all structure types. A performance penalty is incurred for the diamond and graphene structures, so it is not recommended to use this option if it is known that the simulation does not contain these structures.
PTM identifies structures using two steps. First, a graph isomorphism test is used to identify potential structure matches. Next, the deviation is computed between the local structure (in the simulation) and a template of the ideal lattice structure. The deviation is calculated as:
Here, \(\vec u\) and \(\vec v\) contain the coordinates of the local and ideal structures respectively, \(s\) is a scale factor, and \(\mathbf Q\) is a rotation. The best match is identified by the lowest RMSD value, using the optimal scaling, rotation, and correspondence between the points.
The threshold keyword sets an upper limit on the maximum permitted deviation before a local structure is identified as disordered. Typical values are in the range 0.1–0.15, but larger values may be desirable at higher temperatures. A value of 0 is equivalent to infinity and can be used if no threshold is desired.
The neighbor list needed to compute this quantity is constructed each time the calculation is performed (e.g., each time a snapshot of atoms is dumped). Thus it can be inefficient to compute/dump this quantity too frequently or to have multiple compute/dump commands, each with a ptm/atom style. By default the compute processes all neighbors unless the optional group2-ID argument is given, then only members of that group are considered as neighbors.
This compute calculates a per-atom array, which can be accessed by any command that uses per-atom values from a compute as input. See the Howto output page for an overview of LAMMPS output options.
Results are stored in the per-atom array in the following order:
The type is a number from \(-1\) to 8. The rmsd is a positive real number. The interatomic distance is computed from the scale factor in the RMSD equation. The \((qw,qx,qy,qz)\) parameters represent the orientation of the local structure in quaternion form. The reference coordinates for each template (from which the orientation is determined) can be found in the ptm_constants.h file in the PTM source directory. For atoms that are not within the compute group-ID, all values are set to zero.
This fix is part of the PTM package. It is only enabled if LAMMPS was built with that package. See the Build package page for more info.
(Larsen) Larsen, Schmidt, Schiotz, Modelling Simul Mater Sci Eng, 24, 055007 (2016).