compute dipole/chunk command¶
compute ID group-ID dipole/chunk chunkID charge-correction
compute 1 fluid dipole/chunk molchunk compute dw water dipole/chunk 1 geometry
Define a computation that calculates the dipole vector and total dipole for multiple chunks of atoms.
In LAMMPS, chunks are collections of atoms defined by a compute chunk/atom command, which assigns each atom to a single chunk (or no chunk). The ID for this command is specified as chunkID. For example, a single chunk could be the atoms in a molecule or atoms in a spatial bin. See the compute chunk/atom and Howto chunk doc pages for details of how chunks can be defined and examples of how they can be used to measure properties of a system.
This compute calculates the x,y,z coordinates of the dipole vector and the total dipole moment for each chunk, which includes all effects due to atoms passing through periodic boundaries. For chunks with a net charge the resulting dipole is made position independent by subtracting the position vector of the center of mass or geometric center times the net charge from the computed dipole vector. Both per-atom charges and per-atom dipole moments, if present, contribute to the computed dipole.
Note that only atoms in the specified group contribute to the calculation. The compute chunk/atom command defines its own group; atoms will have a chunk ID = 0 if they are not in that group, signifying they are not assigned to a chunk, and will thus also not contribute to this calculation. You can specify the “all” group for this command if you simply want to include atoms with non-zero chunk IDs.
The coordinates of an atom contribute to the chunk’s dipole in “unwrapped” form, by using the image flags associated with each atom. See the dump custom command for a discussion of “unwrapped” coordinates. See the Atoms section of the read_data command for a discussion of image flags and how they are set for each atom. You can reset the image flags (e.g. to 0) before invoking this compute by using the set image command.
The simplest way to output the results of the compute com/chunk calculation to a file is to use the fix ave/time command, for example:
compute cc1 all chunk/atom molecule compute myChunk all dipole/chunk cc1 fix 1 all ave/time 100 1 100 c_myChunk[*] file tmp.out mode vector
This compute calculates a global array where the number of rows = the number of chunks Nchunk as calculated by the specified compute chunk/atom command. The number of columns = 4 for the x,y,z dipole vector components and the total dipole of each chunk. These values can be accessed by any command that uses global array values from a compute as input. See the Howto output page for an overview of LAMMPS output options.
The array values are “intensive”. The array values will be in dipole units, i.e. charge units times distance units.
Using the center of mass is the default setting for the net charge correction.