\(\renewcommand{\AA}{\text{Å}}\)

# compute bond/local command

## Syntax

```
compute ID group-ID bond/local value1 value2 ... keyword args ...
```

ID, group-ID are documented in compute command

bond/local = style name of this compute command

one or more values may be appended

value =

*dist*or*dx*or*dy*or*dz*or*engpot*or*force*or*fx*or*fy*or*fz*or*engvib*or*engrot*or*engtrans*or*omega*or*velvib*or*v_name*or*bN*

dist= bond distanceengpot= bond potential energyforce= bond forcedx,dy,dz= components of pairwise distancefx,fy,fz= components of bond forceengvib= bond kinetic energy of vibrationengrot= bond kinetic energy of rotationengtrans= bond kinetic energy of translationomega= magnitude of bond angular velocityvelvib= vibrational velocity along the bond lengthv_name= equal-style variable with name (see below)bN= bond style specific quantities for allowed N values

zero or more keyword/args pairs may be appended

keyword =

*set*

setargs =distnamedist= only currently allowed arg name = name of variable to set with distance (dist)

## Examples

```
compute 1 all bond/local engpot
compute 1 all bond/local dist engpot force
compute 1 all bond/local dist fx fy fz b1 b2
compute 1 all bond/local dist v_distsq set dist d
```

## Description

Define a computation that calculates properties of individual bond interactions. The number of datums generated, aggregated across all processors, equals the number of bonds in the system, modified by the group parameter as explained below.

All these properties are computed for the pair of atoms in a bond, whether the 2 atoms represent a simple diatomic molecule, or are part of some larger molecule.

The value *dist* is the current length of the bond.
The values *dx*, *dy*, and *dz* are the xyz components of the
*distance* between the pair of atoms. This value is always the
distance from the atom of lower to the one with the higher id.

The value *engpot* is the potential energy for the bond,
based on the current separation of the pair of atoms in the bond.

The value *force* is the magnitude of the force acting between the
pair of atoms in the bond.

The values *fx*, *fy*, and *fz* are the xyz components of
*force* between the pair of atoms in the bond. For bond styles that apply
non-central forces, such as bond_style bpm/rotational, these values only include the \((x,y,z)\)
components of the normal force component.

The remaining properties are all computed for motion of the two atoms relative to the center of mass (COM) velocity of the 2 atoms in the bond.

The value *engvib* is the vibrational kinetic energy of the two atoms
in the bond, which is simply \(\frac12 m_1 v_1^2 + \frac12 m_2 v_2^2,\)
where \(v_1\) and \(v_2\) are the magnitude of the velocity of the two
atoms along the bond direction, after the COM velocity has been subtracted from
each.

The value *engrot* is the rotational kinetic energy of the two atoms
in the bond, which is simply \(\frac12 m_1 v_1^2 + \frac12 m_2 v_2^2,\)
where \(v_1\) and \(v_2\) are the magnitude of the velocity of the two
atoms perpendicular to the bond direction, after the COM velocity has been
subtracted from each.

The value *engtrans* is the translational kinetic energy associated
with the motion of the COM of the system itself, namely \(\frac12(m_1+m_2)
V_{\mathrm{cm}}^2\), where Vcm = magnitude of the velocity of the COM.

Note that these three kinetic energy terms are simply a partitioning of the summed kinetic energy of the two atoms themselves. That is, the total kinetic energy is \(\frac12 m_1 v_1^2 + \frac12 m_2 v_2^2\) = engvib + engrot + engtrans, where \(v_1\) and \(v_2\) are the magnitude of the velocities of the two atoms, without any adjustment for the COM velocity.

The value *omega* is the magnitude of the angular velocity of the
two atoms around their COM position.

The value *velvib* is the magnitude of the relative velocity of the
two atoms in the bond towards each other. A negative value means the
two atoms are moving toward each other; a positive value means they are
moving apart.

The value *v_name* can be used together with the *set* keyword to
compute a user-specified function of the bond distance. The *name*
specified for the *v_name* value is the name of an equal-style variable which should evaluate a formula based on a
variable which will store the bond distance. This other variable must
be an internal-style variable defined in the input
script; its initial numeric value can be anything. It must be an
internal-style variable, because this command resets its value
directly. The *set* keyword is used to identify the name of this
other variable associated with theta.

As an example, these commands can be added to the bench/in.rhodo script to compute the length\(^2\) of every bond in the system and output the statistics in various ways:

```
variable d internal 0.0
variable dsq equal v_d*v_d
compute 1 all property/local batom1 batom2 btype
compute 2 all bond/local engpot dist v_dsq set dist d
dump 1 all local 100 tmp.dump c_1[*] c_2[*]
compute 3 all reduce ave c_2[*]
thermo_style custom step temp press c_3[*]
fix 10 all ave/histo 10 10 100 0 6 20 c_2[3] mode vector file tmp.histo
```

The dump local command will output the energy, length, and length\(^2\) for every bond in the system. The thermo_style command will print the average of those quantities via the compute reduce command with thermo output, and the fix ave/histo command will histogram the length\(^2\) values and write them to a file.

A bond style may define additional bond quantities which can be
accessed as *b1* to *bN*, where N is defined by the bond style. Most
bond styles do not define any additional quantities, so N = 0. An
example of ones that do are the BPM bond styles
which store the reference state between two particles. See
individual bond styles for details.

When using *bN* with bond style *hybrid*, the output will be the Nth
quantity from the sub-style that computes the bonded interaction
(based on bond type). If that sub-style does not define a *bN*,
the output will be 0.0. The maximum allowed N is the maximum number
of quantities provided by any sub-style.

The local data stored by this command is generated by looping over all the atoms owned on a processor and their bonds. A bond will only be included if both atoms in the bond are in the specified compute group. Any bonds that have been broken (see the bond_style command) by setting their bond type to 0 are not included. Bonds that have been turned off (see the fix shake or delete_bonds commands) by setting their bond type negative are written into the file, but their energy will be 0.0.

Note that as atoms migrate from processor to processor, there will be no consistent ordering of the entries within the local vector or array from one timestep to the next. The only consistency that is guaranteed is that the ordering on a particular timestep will be the same for local vectors or arrays generated by other compute commands. For example, bond output from the compute property/local command can be combined with data from this command and output by the dump local command in a consistent way.

Here is an example of how to do this:

```
compute 1 all property/local btype batom1 batom2
compute 2 all bond/local dist engpot
dump 1 all local 1000 tmp.dump index c_1[*] c_2[*]
```

## Output info

This compute calculates a local vector or local array depending on the number of values. The length of the vector or number of rows in the array is the number of bonds. If a single value is specified, a local vector is produced. If two or more values are specified, a local array is produced where the number of columns = the number of values. The vector or array can be accessed by any command that uses local values from a compute as input. See the Howto output page for an overview of LAMMPS output options.

The output for *dist* will be in distance units. The
output for *velvib* will be in velocity units. The output
for *omega* will be in velocity/distance units. The
output for *engtrans*, *engvib*, *engrot*, and *engpot* will be in
energy units. The output for *force* will be in force
units.

## Restrictions

none

## Default

none